OF VOL. I.
|Probabilities of a successful mission
from the United States to Japan. -- Such a mission
proposed to the Government by Commodore Perry. --
Expedition resolved on. -- Vessels selected for
the squadron. -- Vexatious delay in their equipment.
-- Commodore Perry sent in the Mississippi to the
Gulf of St. Lawrence. -- Applications of scientific
men to join the expedition refused. -- Causes of
such refusal. -- Dr. Von Siebold. -- Visit of the
President and Secretary of the Navy to Annapolis
to take leave of the expedition. -- Failure of the
machinery of the steamship Princeton on the passage
down Chesapeake Bay. -- Substitution of steamer
Powhatan in place of the Princeton. -- Final departure
of Commodore Perry on the mission with the Mississippi
||75 -- 80
|Voyage from the capes of the Chesapeake
to Madeira. -- View of the island. -- Funchal. --
Hospitality of the inhabitants. -- Salubrity of
the climate. -- Exports of the island. -- Novel
mode of conveyance. -- Departure from Madeira and
arrival at the Canaries. -- Early failure of northeast
trades. -- Extraordinary swell from the northwest.
-- General order as to private journals and communications
to public prints. -- General order as to scientific
investigations by officers. -- The "Harmattan,"
consideration of hypotheses as to its origin. --
Southeast trades. -- Ship steered for St. Helena.
-- Observations on the currents. -- Chaplain's observations
on the zodiacal lights. -- Arrival at St. Helena.
-- Description of the island. -- Jamestown. -- Longwood.
-- Tomb of Napoleon. -- The calculating hospitality
of the inhabitants of the island. -- Adventure of
Lieutenant --. -- Fortifications of the island.
-- Their sufficiency against sailing vessels. --
Probable insufficiency against an approach from
the west by steam. -- Departure from St. Helena.
||81 -- 96
|Passage to the cape. -- Fuel for steamers.
-- Table rock and Cape Town. -- Description of Cape
Town. -- Climate. -- Annoyance from dust. -- Violence
of winds and difficulty of holding to anchorage.
-- Supplies at the cape. -- Caffre war and its effects.
-- Mode of transporting produce on land. -- Vineyards
of Constantia. -- Effects of emancipation of slaves
on agricultural labor. -- Mode of cultivating the
vine. -- Population of Cape Colony. -- Bushmen.
-- The Caffres. -- Physical characteristics. --
Fingoes. -- Military organization of Caffres. --
Condition of the emancipated slaves. -- Departure
from Table Bay. -- Passage to, and arrival at, Mauritius.
-- Harbor of Port Louis. -- Dangers of the harbor.
-- Skill of port officers in mooring vessels.
||97 -- 106
|Mauritius, its discovery. -- Geological
formation and physical aspect. -- Production of
sugar. -- Effect on agriculture of the abolition
of slavery. -- Coolies. -- Population of the island.
-- State of feeling between English and French residents.
-- Hospitable treatment of the expedition. -- Description
of Port Louis. -- Grand Port. -- Paul and Virginia.
-- Facts on which St. Pierre founded his story.
-- Tombs of Paul and Virginia. -- Built by an eccentric
Frenchman. -- Cyclones. -- Their probable causes.
-- Interest felt in them at Mauritius. -- Departure
of the Mississippi from Port Louis. -- Her course
thence to Point de Galle, island of Ceylon. -- Reasons
for taking it. -- Point de Galle, description of.
-- Great rendezvous of steamers. -- Difficulty of
procuring fuel there. -- American, consul. -- Thoughts
on consular system. -- Early knowledge of Ceylon.
-- Its several European possessors. -- Climate.
-- Salubrity. -- Causes of its diminished prosperity.
-- Productions. -- Value of cocoanut palm. -- Pearl
fishery. -- Immense numbers of elephants. -- Great
slaughter of them. -- Boa constrictor. -- Population
of Ceylon. -- Physique of Cingalese, Malabars, and
Mahomedans in the island. -- Religious condition.
-- Buddhism. -- Pilgrimage to the temples. -- Intercourse
with a Siamese naval officer at Ceylon. -- Commodore's
letter to the second king of Siam. -- Departure
from Ceylon. -- Passage through the Straits of Malacca.
-- Arrival at Singapore.
||107 -- 124
|Singapore. -- Its great commerce.
-- Population. -- Rapid increase. -- Hospitality
of a wealthy Chinese merchant. -- Importance of
Singapore to England. -- Coal depot at Singapore.
-- Physical aspect of the country. -- Agricultural
products. -- Animals. -- Ferocity of the tiger.
-- Water buffalo. -- Passage from Singapore to Hong
Kong. -- Currents, rocks, tides. -- Chinese fishing
boats. -- Arrival at Hong Kong. -- Finding there
sloops-of-war Saratoga and Plymouth and store --
ship Supply. -- Susquehanna gone to Shanghai. --
Disappointment of the Commodore. -- Condition and
prosperity of Hong Kong. -- Run to Macao, thence
to Whampoa on Canton river. -- Navigation of the
river. -- First impressions made by the city. --
Disappointed expectations. -- Hospitality of American
consul at Canton. -- The hongs or factories. --
Streets in Canton. -- Proper name of the city. --
Bocca Tigris. -- Chinese forts. -- Pirates on the
river. -- Attempt to rob one of the officers. --
Canton market place. -- Trade of Canton with Europe
||125 -- 138
|Hospitable treatment at Macao. --
Usages of the foreign merchants toward visitors.
-- Depressed condition of Macao. -- Description
of the place. -- Tanka boats, and girls who manage
them. -- Cave of Camoens. -- Departure of Mississippi
from Macao. -- Saratoga left to bring Mr. Williams,
the interpreter. -- Difficulties of navigation from
Hong Kong to the mouth of Yang-tse-keang. -- Entrance
of the river dangerous. -- Susquehanna, Plymouth,
and Supply all aground. -- Mississippi saved by
the power of her engines only. -- Description of
Shanghai. -- Its immense trade. -- Cultivation of
the country. -- Population of the city. -- Visit
of the Commodore to the governor of the city. --
Chinese rebellion. -- Its effects. -- Plymouth left
at Shanghai to protect American interests. -- Departure
for Great Lew Chew (Ryukyu). -- Arrival of the squadron
at the capital, Napha (Naha), the Saratoga having
joined at the entrance to the harbor.
||139 -- 150
|Number and position of islands of
Lew Chew (Ryukyu). -- Their supposed political relations
to Japan and China. -- Description of the island
of Great Lew Chew (Ryukyu), as seen on the first
approach to it. -- Visit of officials to the Susquehanna.
-- Visit of Dr. Bettelheim. -- Refusal of presents,
and consequent mortification of the Lew Chewans
(Ryukyuans). -- Exploration of the island resolved
on by the Commodore. -- Daguerreotyping on shore.
-- Coral insect and its formations. -- Second visit
of the authorities of Lew Chew (Ryukyu). -- Regent
of the island received by the Commodore, -- Friendly
nature of the interview. -- Surprise of the Lew
Chewans (Ryukyuans) at sight of the steam-engine.
-- Commodore announces to them his intention of
returning the visit at the palace of Shui (Shuri).
-- Their evident embarrassment thereat. -- Leave
to go on shore. -- Description of Napha (Naha) and
its vicinity, by one of the officers. -- Exploring
party sets out, placed under the command of the
chaplain, Mr. Jones. -- Mr. Bayard Taylor attached
to it, with orders to take notes and furnish a detailed
report of the journey. -- Negotiations with the
Lew Chew (Ryukyu) authorities to obtain a house
on shore. -- Their manifest opposition. -- Commodore
persists and succeeds. -- Officers, when on shore,
continually watched by spies. -- Captain Basil Hall's
account of the Lew Chewans (Ryukyuans) somewhat
exaggerated. -- Impressions made on the officers
as to the character of the natives. -- Hydrographic
surveys. -- Boat exercise of the crews, and drilling
on land of the marines.
||151 -- 161
|Report of an inland exploration of
Great Lew Chew (Ryukyu), by a party from the squadron,
under the command of Commodore Perry.
||162 -- 186
|Efforts of authorities of Lew Chew
(Ryukyu) to prevent a visit to the palace. -- All
unsuccessful. -- Landing for the visit. -- Procession.
-- Appearance of the country. -- Reception at the
palace. -- Embarrassment of the regent. -- Entertainment
at the regent's house. -- Saki. -- New dishes. --
Commodore invites authorities to a dinner on board
the Susquehanna. -- General impressions produced
by the visit. -- Espionage still kept up. -- Daily
exercise of sailors and marines. -- Settlement of
accounts with Lew Chew (Ryukyu) authorities. --
Mississippi and Supply remain at Lew Chew (Ryukyu).
-- Susquehanna and Saratoga leave for the Bonin
(Ogasawara) islands. -- Death of an opium smoker
on the passage. -- Inhumanity of Chinese. -- Sunday
on board. -- Arrival at Port Lloyd.
||187 -- 196
|Situation of Bonin (Ogasawara) islands.
-- First discovery of them. -- Europeans have no
claim as the discoverers. -- Mixed character of
present settlers. -- External appearance of Peel
island. -- Geological formation. -- Harbor of Port
Lloyd. -- Productions of the island, animal and
vegetable. -- Resort of whalers. -- Condition of
present inhabitants. -- Commodore causes the island
to be explored. -- Reports of exploring parties.
-- Kanakas. -- Examination of Stapleton island,
and report thereon. -- Survey of harbor of Port
Lloyd. -- Land purchased for a coal depot. -- Departure
from Bonin (Ogasawara) islands on the return to
Lew Chew (Ryukyu). -- Disappointment island. --
Its true position. -- Borodinos (Daitou). -- Arrival
at Napha (Naha).
||197 -- 214
|Changes at Napha (Naha). -- New regent.
-- Banquet on board of the Susquehanna. -- Excessive
dignity of the new regent. -- Stateliness of Lew
Chewans (Ryukyuans) thawed out by the dinner. --
Guests sent home. -- Bamboo village. -- Interior
of Lew Chew (Ryukyu) houses. -- Men indolent. --
Gossipping at Lew Chew (Ryukyu). -- Lew Chew (Ryukyu)
loom. -- Different classes of the people. -- Their
fear of spies. -- Slavery of peasants. -- Causes
of degradation. -- Excellence of agricultural cultivation.
-- Origin of population of Lew Chew (Ryukyu). --
Former kingdoms on the island. -- Relation of Lew
Chew (Ryukyu) to China and Japan, respectively.
-- Education in Lew Chew (Ryukyu). -- Religion of
the inhabitants. -- Christian mission in Lew Chew
(Ryukyu). -- Distinctions of dress. -- People sell
themselves as slaves. -- Clanship. -- Coin in Lew
Chew (Ryukyu). -- Sugar making. -- Natural products
of the island.
||215 -- 227
|Departure from Napha (Naha) for Japan.
-- Course of the ships. -- Oho-Sima. -- Island seen
by Commander Glynn, probably Oho-Sima. -- Cleopatra
islands. -- Currents. -- Fourth of July on board.
-- Approach to Cape Idzu (Izu). -- Squadron, led
by the Susquehanna, enters the bay of Yedo (Edo).
-- Rock island. -- Hazy atmosphere of Japan. --
Surprise of the Japanese at sight of the steamers
moving against wind and tide. -- Bay of Sagami.
-- Appearance of the coast and country inland. --
Fusi-Jama. -- Ships made ready for action. -- Fleet
of Japanese boats put off from the shore. -- Left
behind by squadron. -- Bay of Uraga. -- Opposite
coast of Awa. -- Japanese forts. -- Squadron comes
to anchor in the bay of Uraga. -- Soundings on approaching
the anchorage. -- Japanese guard -- boats put off.
-- No one permitted to come on board the ships.
-- Appearance of guard -- boats and crews. -- Skill
of the Japanese in managing their boats. -- Guard-boat
comes alongside of the Mississippi, and Japanese
functionary demands to come on board. -- Not permitted.
-- Notice in the French language, ordering the ships
away, held up to be read. -- Interpreters directed
to inform the Japanese that the Commodore would
confer with no one but the highest official in Uraga.
-- Japanese replied that they had the vice governor
on board. -- This officer and his interpreter allowed
to come on board the Susquehanna. -- Not permitted
to see the Commodore. -- Conference with Lieutenant
Contee, who explains that the Americans have come
on a friendly mission, and that the Commodore bears
a letter from the President of the United States
to the Emperor. -- Desires the appointment of an
officer of suitable rank to receive it from the
Commodore. -- Commodore refuses to go to Nagasaki.
-- Informs the Japanese officials that if the guard-boats
are not immediately removed he will disperse them
by force. -- The boats are withdrawn. -- Vice governor
returns to the shore, promising further communication
on the morrow. -- Policy resolved on by the Commodore.
-- Meteorological phenomenon. -- Visit on the next
day from the governor of Uraga. -- Conference between
him and Commanders Buchanan and Adams. -- Second
refusal of the Commodore to go to Nagasaki. -- Determination
expressed to deliver the letter there, and, if necessary,
in the city of Yedo (Edo) itself. ? Governor proposes
to refer the matter to Yedo (Edo). -- Commodore
assents and allows three days for an answer. ? Survey
by the squadron's boats of the bay of Uraga, and
ultimately of the bay of Yedo (Edo).
||228 -- 242
|Reply from the court at Yedo (Edo).
-- Efforts of the Japanese to get the squadron out
of the bay of Yedo (Edo). -- Commodore's firm refusal
to leave Uraga. -- Agreement of the Emperor to receive,
through a commissioner, the President's letter.
-- High breeding of the Japanese gentlemen; not
ill-informed. -- Survey of the bay of Yedo (Edo).
-- Fogs of Japan. -- Second visit from the governor
of Uraga. -- He brings a letter from the Emperor,
authorizing a prince of the empire to receive, in
his name, the President's letter. -- Arrangements
made for the Commodore's reception on shore to deliver
the letter. -- Minute attention of the Japanese
to etiquette and ceremonials. -- Preparations in
the squadron for the visit on shore at the reception.
-- Ships brought near the land, so as to command
the place of meeting. -- Landing and reception,
and delivery of the letter and other documents.
-- Princes of Idsu (Izu) and Iwama. -- Contents
of President's letter. -- Commodore's letter of
credence, and his letters to the Emperor. -- Receipt
given by the Japanese for the papers. -- Return
to the ships.
||243 -- 261
|Concessions of the Japanese. -- Relaxation
of their restrictive laws. -- Satisfaction of both
Japanese and Americans at the result of the visit
on shore and delivery of the President's letter.
-- Visit of Keyama Yezaiman to the ships. -- Impudence
of the interpreter Saboroske. -- The squadron goes
further up the bay towards the capital. -- Policy
of this movement. -- Alarm of the Japanese gradually
quieted. -- Beautiful scenery up the bay. -- Survey
of the bay continued. -- Conviviality on board.
-- Surveying boats enter a small river. -- Cordial
greeting of the inhabitants. -- Crowd dispersed
by a Japanese official. -- Commodore transfers his
pennant from the Susquehanna to the Mississippi.
-- The last-named vessel goes up in. sight of the
shipping place of Yedo (Edo). -- Sinagawa (Shinagawa).
-- Yedo (Edo) about ten miles distant from the point
where the ships turned about. -- Good depth of water
in Yedo (Edo) bay, probably almost up to the city.
-- The bay pretty thoroughly explored and sounded
by the surveying parties. -- Interchange of presents
with the Japanese officers. -- Avowed sorrow of
Japanese officials on bidding farewell to the Americans.
-- Commodore's reasons for not waiting for a reply
to the President's letter. -- Leaves Yedo (Edo)
bay declaring his intention to return in the ensuing
spring. ? The Saratoga sent to Shanghai to look
after American interests. -- The Plymouth ordered
to Lew Chew (Ryukyu). -- Oho-Sima. -- Ships encounter
a storm. -- General results of the first visit of
the squadron to the bay of Yedo (Edo).
||262 -- 273
|Amakirima (Kerama) islands. -- State
of feeling in Lew Chew (Ryukyu). -- Commodore's
measures for permanent arrangements with the authorities.
-- Coal depot. -- Protest against espionage. --
Trade in open market. -- Letter to the regent. --
Interview with the regent. -- Entertainments of
the Commodore. -- During dinner the regent's answer
is brought. -- Unsatisfactory to the Commodore.
-- Letter handed back to the regent, and the Commodore
prepares to leave the house. -- Informs the regent
that he must have a satisfactory answer on the next
day, otherwise he will land and take possession
of the palace at Shui (Shuri) and retain it until
matters are adjusted. -- Probable effects of hunting
up the old sedan chair on shore -- Commodore's propositions
all accepted. -- Coal depot built. -- Visit to the
castle of Tima-Gusko. -- Purchases in the bazaar.
-- Departure from Napha (Naha) for China. -- Plymouth
left behind with orders to visit Bonin (Ogasawara)
islands and make further surveys. -- Captain Kelly's
report of the visit and surveys. -- Form of government
and constitution of the settlers on Peel island
(Chichi-jima). -- General effect of this last visit
to Lew Chew (Ryukyu). -- Arrival of the Vandalia
; of the Powhatan. -- Overhauling of the vessels
of the squadron at Hong Kong.
||274 -- 286
|Alarm of Americans in China. -- Request
to Commodore that he would send a ship to Canton.
-- Supply sent. -- The rest of the squadron at Cum-sing-moon.
-- Hospital established and house taken at Macao.
-- Sickness in the squadron. -- Work kept up in
all departments, notwithstanding. -- Healthiness
of Canton. -- Gluttony of the Chinese. -- Chinese
servants. -- Chinese English, or "pigeon."
-- Male dressmakers, chamber servants, etc. -- Chinese
female feet. -- Chinese guilds -- . -- Beggars.
-- Charitable institutions. -- Thieves. -- Boatmen.
-- Laboring classes. -- Domestic servants. -- Polygamy
and its moral results. -- Decadence of Macao. --
Humbled condition of the Portuguese. -- Harbor of
Macoa. -- Commodore establishes his depot for the
squadron at Hong Kong. -- Pleasant society of Macao.
-- Powhatan stationed at Whampoa to relieve the
Susquehanna. -- Supply still at Canton. -- Chinese
peaceable towards foreigners. -- Steamer "Queen"
chartered to protect American interests in China
while the squadron, should go to Yedo (Edo). --
Suspicious movements of Russians and French induce
the Commodore to hasten his return to Japan. --
Lexington arrives. -- The squadron ordered to rendezvous
at Napha (Naha), Lew Chew (Ryukyu). -- Orders received,
just as the squadron leaves China, to detach a steamer
for the use of Mr. McLane, American Commissioner
to China. -- Embarrassment of the Commodore, in
consequence. -- His mode of proceeding to accomplish
both the objects of the government. -- Correspondence
with Sir George Bonham touching the Bonin (Ogasawara)
islands. -- Courtesy of the English Admiral Pellew.
-- Squadron assembles at Napha (Naha).
||287 -- 308
|Increased cordiality and friendly
intercourse on the part of the Lew Chewans (Ryukyuans).
-- Second visit of the Commodore to the palace at
Shui (Shuri). -- Entertainment by the regent. --
No metallic coin of Lew Chew (Ryukyu) to be obtained.
-- Rev. Mr. Jones' second exploration in search
of coal -- Finds it at Shah (Shioya) bay. -- The
mineral not valued by the natives. -- Additional
geological observations in Lew Chew (Ryukyu). --
Remarkable salubrity of the island. -- Tenure of
lands. -- Agriculture. -- Rice, potatoes, sugar,
cotton, wheat, barley, millet, sago, beans, peas,
tobacco, edible roots, fruits, trees, flowers, etc.
-- Sugar mills. -- Grain mills and granaries. --
Population. -- Ethnology. -- Costume. -- Politeness
of manner. -- General intelligence. -- Architecture.
-- Rude attempts in painting and sculpture. -- Amusements.
-- Government. -- Religion. -- Funeral rites. --
Japanese spies in Lew Chew (Ryukyu). -- Departure
for the bay of Yedo (Edo)
||309 -- 320
|Letter from Dutch Governor General
of India announcing the death of the Japanese Emperor.
-- Commodore's reply. -- Enumeration of the several
objects in view. -- Prospects of their attainment
by the mission. -- Officers and men left in Lew
Chew (Ryukyu). -- Arrival of the Saratoga. -- Run
to Yedo (Edo) bay. -- Oho-Sima. -- Cleopatra isles.
-- Mijako-Sima (MIyako-jima). -- All belong to Lew
Chew (Ryukyu) group. -- Entrance of gulf or outer
bay of Yedo (Edo). -- Japanese charts of little
value; made for mere coasting -- Wintry aspect of
Japan. -- Macedonian aground. -- Hauled off by the
Mississippi. -- Friendly offers of the Japanese
to assist the Macedonian. -- Squadron proceeds up
the bay and anchors at the "American anchorage."
-- Japanese officials come alongside. -- Received
by Captain; Adams on the Powhatan, pursuant to the
Commodore's orders. -- They attempt to prevail on
the Commodore to return to Uraga, stating that the
high Japanese functionaries were there awaiting
his arrival, by appointment of the Emperor. -- Commodore
declines on account of safety of the ships. -- Visit
on the next day from the officials, who reiterate
their request, with an assurance that the commissioners
were ordered to receive the Commodore at Uraga with
distinguished consideration. -- Commodore again
declines. -- Japanese ask that an officer may be
sent to Uraga to confer with the commissioners as
to a place of meeting. -- Commodore consents that
Captain Adams may hold such a conference, but that
the commissioners must come there to hold it. --
Japanese become alarmed as to the friendly feelings
of the Americans. -- Their fears allayed. -- Survey
of the bay resumed without interruption, by the
Japanese. -- Our boats forbidden by the Commodore
to land. -- Japanese persist for several days in
desiring the Commodore to go to Uraga with the ships.
-- Commodore invariably refuses. -- At length the
Japanese are informed that the Commodore will allow
Captain Adams to meet a commissioner on shore near
the ships, or that he will proceed up the bay to
Yedo (Edo). -- Note from the commissioners to the
Commodore. -- His reply. -- Captain Adams sent down,
to Uraga to communicate to the commissioners the
Commodore's reasons for declining to take the ships
to Uraga. -- Some of the Japanese accompany him
in the Vandalia. -- Interview of Captain Adams with
the commissioners at Uraga. -- Visit to Captain
Adams from Yezaiman on board the Vandalia. -- Assures
Captain Adams of the friendly disposition of the
Emperor. -- Vandalia returns, and perceives ahead
the squadron standing tip the bay toward Yedo (Edo).
-- The Japanese no longer urge going to Uraga, but
suddenly propose Yoku-Hama (Yokohama), where the
ships then were, about eight miles from Yedo (Edo).
-- Commodore immediately assents. -- Buildings constructed
at Yoku-Hama (Yokohama). -- A Japanese seaman in
the squadron sends a letter to his family ashore,
by Yezaiman. -- Yezaiman desires an interview with
him. -- The interview. -- Ceremonials settled as
to the conferences on shore for negotiation.
||321 ? 342
|Ships anchored in Yoku-Hama (Yokohama)
bay so as to command the shore. -- Kanagawa "treaty
house." -- Imperial barge. -- Landing of the
Commodore. -- Description of the Japanese commissioners.
-- Interpreters. -- Servility to superiors. -- Negotiations
commenced. -- Commodore submits a copy of the treaty
of the United States with China for consideration.
-- Death of one of our men. -- Commodore proposes
to buy a burial ground for Americans. -- Commissioners
propose to send the body of the deceased to Nagasaki
for interment. -- Commodore refuses, and proposes
to bury the dead on Webster's island. -- Commissioners
consent to the interment at Yoku-Hama (Yokohama).
-- The burial by Chaplain Jones. -- Interest of
the Japanese in the ceremony. -- They afterwards
perform their own rites over the covered grave.
-- The Japanese build an enclosure around the spot.
-- Japanese artists attempt the portraits of our
officers. -- Answer to the President's letter. --
Informal conference between Captain Adams and Yenoske.
-- Landing and delivery of the presents. -- Japanese
workmen assist the Americans in preparing for their
exhibition. -- Negotiations continued. -- Surprise
and delight of the Japanese at the telegraph and
railroad. -- Curiosity of the Japanese in examining
mechanism. -- Passion for buttons. -- Note-taking
of everything strange to them -- Love of pictures.
-- Drawings. -- Common people disposed to social
intercourse with the Americans. -- Excitement on
Chaplain Bittinger's attempt to reach Yedo (Edo)
by land. -- Written reply of commissioners, declining
to make a treaty like that of the United States
with China. -- Further negotiations. -- Accuracy
of the Japanese in noting all the discussions. --
Ports of Simoda (Shimoda) and Hakodadi (Hakodate)
agreed to, but with great difficulty on the part
of the Japanese.
||343 -- 366
|Cordiality between Japanese and Americans.
-- Presents from the Japanese. -- Coins. -- Singular
custom of including rice, charcoal, and dogs, in
a royal Japanese present. -- Japanese wrestlers.
-- Their immense size and strength. -- Exhibition
in the ring. -- Contrast in the exhibition of the
telegraph and locomotive. -- Parade of the marines.
-- Yenoske visits the flag-ship, and seeks to draw
the Commodore out. -- Failure. -- Entertainment
of the Chinese commissioners on board the flag-ship.
-- Great cordiality. -- Performance on ship -- board
of "Ethiopian minstrels," to the great
amusement of the Japanese. -- Negotiations continued.
-- Japanese object to the immediate opening of the
ports. -- Finally concede the point to a certain
extent. -- Absolute and persistent refusal to allow
Americans permanently to abide in Japan. -- Reluctant
consent, after much discussion, to allow one consul
to reside at Simoda (Shimoda). -- Treaty finally
agreed on and signed. -- Presents by Commodore to
the commissioners, that to the chief being the American
flag. -- Entertainment of the Commodore and his
officers by the commissioners. -- Peculiarities
of the mission to Japan. -- Obstacles to making
any treaty at all. -- Disposition of the Japanese
shown in the conferences. -- Particular refusal
to make a treaty allowing American families or females
to live in Japan. -- Analysis of the treaty. --
Commodore careful to secure for the United States
all privileges that might thereafter be granted
by treaty to other nations. -- Case of the American
||367 -- 392
|Departure of Commander Adams for the
United States, with the treaty. -- Visits of the
Commodore and officers on shore. -- Imperturbable
composure of Yenoske when charged with falsehood.
-- Call upon the Mayor of Yoku-Hama (Yokohama).
-- The Ladies of his household. -- Disgusting fashion
of dyeing their teeth. -- Use of rouge. -- Entertainment
of the Commodore. -- The Mayor's baby. -- The common
people very comfortable. -- Field labors shared
by the women. -- Straw great-coat for rainy weather.
-- Paper umbrellas. -- People not indisposed to
intercourse with foreigners. -- Respectful treatment
of the female sex. -- Japanese un-oriental in this
respect. -- Polygamy not practised. -- Japanese
women naturally good-looking. -- Some strikingly
handsome. -- Girls have great vivacity, yet dignified
and modest. -- Social habits. -- Visits. -- Tea
parties. -- Squadron, after notice to the Japanese
authorities, proceeds up the bay with some of the
officials on board. -- Powhatan and Mississippi
go within sight of the capital. -- Its immense size.
-- Sea front protected by high palisades. -- Change
of Japanese policy on the second visit to Yedo (Edo).
-- All show of military resistance studiously avoided.
-- The Commodore assures the Japanese officials
that he will not anchor the steamers near the city,
and, after a glance, at their request, returns.
-- Great joy of the officials thereat. -- Preparations
for departure. -- Macedonian ordered to Peel (Chichi-jima)
island. -- Southampton, Supply, Vandalia, and Lexington
sent to Simoda (Shimoda). -- Webster island. --
Departure of the Commodore for Simoda (Shimoda).
-- Harbor examined. -- The town and adjacent country.
-- Shops and dwellings. -- Public baths. -- Food.
-- Mode of cultivation. -- Buddhist temples. --
Grave-yards and tombs. -- Statues of Buddha. --
Offerings of flowers on the graves. -- Epitaphs
or inscriptions. -- Charms for keeping away from
the dead malignant demons. -- A temple appropriated
for the occupancy of our officers. -- A Sintoo temple.
-- Mariner's temple. -- Salubrity of Simoda (Shimoda).
-- Made an imperial city since the treaty.
||393 -- 414
|Survey and description of the harbor
of Simoda (Shimoda). -- Discipline in the squadron.
-- Intercourse with the authorities of Simoda (Shimoda).
-- Kura-kawa-kahei, the prefect. -- His disposition
to produce trouble. -- Treatment of the American
officers. -- Remonstrances of the Commodore. --
Equivocation of the prefect. -- He is frightened
into propriety. -- Efforts of two Japanese gentlemen
clandestinely to leave their country in the squadron.
-- Commodore's conduct. -- Buddhist temples at Simoda
(Shimoda). -- Prefect again shows his petty hostility.
-- His prevarications and falsehoods. -- Funeral
of an American on shore. -- Insult offered to American
officers on shore. -- Prefect's further falsehoods.
-- Compelled to apologize, and informed that his
insolence would not be borne in future. -- Friendly
intercourse with the people. -- Departure for Hakodadi
(Hakodate). -- Volcano of Oho-Sima. -- The Kuro-siwo,
or Japanese "gulf stream." -- Straits
of Sangar. -- Fogs. -- Harbor of Hakodadi (Hakodate).
-- Directions for entering.
||415 -- 432
|Visit from the authorities at Hakodadi
(Hakodate). -- Their ignorance that a treaty had
been made. -- Visit to authorities and explanation
of affairs to the Japanese. -- Answer of the officials
at Hakodadi (Hakodate). -- Their friendliness and
courtesy. -- Visits and rambles of the Americans
on shore. -- Houses allotted for their temporary
accommodation. -- Description of Hakodadi (Hakodate).
-- Resemblance to Gibraltar. -- Cleanliness of streets.
-- Pavements and sewers. -- Division into districts
under Ottonas. -- Pack-horses used; no wheel-carriages.
-- Town very thriving. -- Buildings described. --
Preparations against fires in the city. -- Skill
of carpenters and house-joiners. -- Shops, their
construction and goods. -- Carvings in wood. --
Furniture. -- Chairs and tables. -- Fashion in eating.
-- Tea, how prepared; fire for boiling the kettle.
-- Kitchens, stables, and gardens. -- Fire-proof
warehouses. -- Traffic at the shops. -- Buddhist
temples. -- Grave-yards. -- Praying by machinery.
-- Inscriptions on tombs. -- Sintoo temples. --
Shrines by the way-side. -- Gateways on the roads.
-- Prospects for Christianity in Japan. -- Weak
military defences of Hakodadi (Hakodate). -- Surrounding
country. -- Look-out for ships approaching. -- Japanese
telescope. -- Geology of the country. -- Mineral
spring. -- Natural cave. -- Culinary vegetables.
-- Commerce and fisheries. -- Japanese junks. --
Ship-yards. -- Few birds. -- Fish abundant. -- Wild
quadrupeds. -- Fox considered as the devil. -- Horses
much used, -- Kagos. -- Climate of Hakodadi (Hakodate).
-- Population and physical characteristics of the
people. -- Ainos or hairy kuriles. -- Mechanical
skill of the Japanese. -- Carpentry and masonry.
-- Coopers. -- Iron ore workers. -- Blacksmiths,
their bellows. -- Copper much used in junk building.
-- Spinning and weaving. -- Dyed cottons. -- Silk
fabrics. -- Lacquered ware. -- Printing, drawing,
and painting. -- Sculpture. -- Architecture. --
General intelligence. -- Information, derived through
the Dutch at Nagasaki, from European, publications.
-- Japanese game of chess. -- Cards. -- Loto. --
Ball and jackstraws among the children.
||433 -- 466
|Interview between the Commodore and
the representative of the prince of Matsmai (Matsumae).
-- Southampton sent to explore Volcano bay, including
Endermo harbor. -- Report of the survey. -- Poverty
of the region around the bay. -- Eruption of a volcano
at midnight, -- Ainos (Ainu). -- Boundaries of Americans
at Hakodadi (Hakodate) left to be settled with the
imperial commissioners. -- Good understanding between
the Americans and people of Hakodadi (Hakodate).
-- Japanese delighted with the exhibition of the
"Ethiopian minstrels" on board ship. --
Squadron theatricals. -- Interest of Japanese in
the machinery and fire-arms of the ships. -- Answer
of Hakodadi (Hakodate) authorities to Commodore's
inquiries as to European or American vessels wrecked
in Japan during the last ten years. -- Answer of
the imperial commissioners to similar inquiries.
-- Macedonian sails for Simoda (Shimoda), -- Vandalia
despatched for China by the western passage. --
Japanese officers desire a conference with the Commodore.
-- Flag-lieutenant sent ashore to bring them on
board. -- Disrespectful conduct of the officers.
-- Flag-lieutenant returns without them. -- Japanese
officers finally come off in their own boat. --
Not allowed to see the Commodore until they apologize
for their behavior. -- Apology accepted. -- Conference
results in nothing but a further illustration of
Japanese finesse. -- Burials of Americans at Hakodadi
(Hakodate). -- Respect shown for the ceremonies
by the Japanese. -- Buddhist priest performs his
funeral ceremonies after the Americans retire. --
Services in a Buddhist temple. -- Japanese erect
a fence around the American graves. -- Sailor's
epitaph composed by his shipmates. -- Block of granite
presented by the Japanese at Hakodadi (Hakodate)
for the Washington monument. -- Volcano of Oho-Sima.
-- Arrival at Simoda (Shimoda). -- Meeting with
the commissioners. -- Boundaries at Hakodadi (Hakodate)
settled. -- Appointment of pilots and harbor-master
agreed on. -- Value of Japanese and American money
respectively fixed. -- Additional regulations between
the commissioners and Commodore agreed to and signed.
-- Coal supplied at Simoda (Shimoda). -- Its comparative
quality and value. -- Cost of various articles furnished
to the ships. -- Another block of stone for the
Washington monument presented by the imperial commissioners
at Simoda (Shimoda). -- Japanese present of dogs
to the President. -- Sam Patch has an interview
with the officials of his country. -- Refuses to
go on shore or leave the ship. -- Praiseworthy conduct
of a marine towards Sam. -- "Dan Ketch."
-- Japanese punishment of crucifixion. -- Practice
of the "Hari-kari" or "Happy-despatch."
-- Departure from Simoda (Shimoda). -- Macedonian
and supply sent to Formosa and Philippines. -- Redfield
rocks. -- Party sent on shore for observation of
Oho-Sima. -- Arrival at Lew Chew (Ryukyu). -- Southampton
ordered to Hong Kong. -- Powhatan and Mississippi
come to anchor at Napha (Naha).
||467 -- 490
|Preparations for final departure from
the Japanese waters. -- Macedonian and Supply ordered
to Formosa. -- Instructions to Captain Abbot, of
the Macedonian, to touch at the Philippines on his
way from Formosa to China. -- Mississippi, Powhatan,
and Southampton proceed to Lew Chew (Ryukyu). --
State of affairs in Lew Chew (Ryukyu). -- Supposed
murder of an American by Lew Chewans (Ryukyuans).
-- Trial of Lew Chewans (Ryukyuans) for murder by
their own authorities on the Commodore's demand.
-- Description of a Lew Chew (Ryukyu) court of justice.
-- Accused made to plead by punches in the ribs.
-- Accused convicted and brought to the Commodore
for punishment. -- He hands them over to their own
authorities. -- They are banished. -- New Year's
customs. -- Coal removed from the depot to the ships.
-- Compact or treaty made with Lew Chew (Ryukyu).
-- Present from the Lew Chewans (Ryukyuans) to the
Commodore. -- A stone for the Washington monument.
-- Effort of a Japanese to come off in the squadron
to the United States. -- Parting entertainment to
Lew Chew (Ryukyu) authorities. -- Departure of the
squadron for China. -- Macedonian's visit to Formosa.
-- Unavailing search for Americans supposed to have
been wrecked on the island. -- Explorations by Chaplain
Jones for coal. -- Found in abundance and of good
quality. -- Survey of the harbor of Kelung. -- Lying
and cunning of the Formosans. -- Run to Manilla.
-- Very stormy passage. -- Marine volcanoes in the
neighborhood of Formosa. -- Inquiries at Manilla
into the murder of certain Americans. -- Satisfactory
conduct of the Spanish authorities in the matter.
-- Delivery by Captain Abbot to the Governor of
six Sillibaboos that had been picked up at sea by
Lieutenant Commanding Boyle, of the Southampton,
floating in an open boat. -- Remarkable distance
that they had drifted. -- Physical appearance of
the Sillibaboos. -- Voyage of Macedonian to Hong
Kong. -- Captain Kelly's handling of the Chinese
pirates and imperial troops; forces them to make
reparation. -- Chastisement of the Chinese by the
joint action of the officers and men of the Plymouth
and of those of her Britannic Majesty's ships Encounter
and Grecian. -- The Commodore, by leave from the
Navy Department, turns over the command to Captain
Abbot, and returns home by the overland route. --
On the arrival of the Mississippi in New York, on
the 23d of April, the Commodore repairs on board,
and formally hauling down his flag, terminates the
|491 -- 508
|Commander Adams arrives in the United
States with the treaty. -- Submitted by the President
and ratified by the Senate. -- Commander Adams sent
back with authority to exchange ratifications. --
Arrives at Simoda (Shimoda) after an absence of
little more than nine months. -- Altered aspect
of the place from the effects of an earthquake.
-- Japanese account of the calamity. -- Loss of
Russian ship-of-war Diana. -- Russians make a treaty
exactly like ours, with a substitution merely of
Nagasaki for Napha (Naha) as one of the three ports.
-- French ship brings in two shipwrecked Japanese.
-- Authorities refuse to receive them except from
under our flag, having no treaty with France. --
Men taken on board the Powhatan, and then received
by their countrymen. -- Energy of Japanese in rebuilding
Simoda (Shimoda). -- Freedom of intercourse with
the people. -- No more espionage. -- Brisk traffic
at the shops. -- Delivery to Captain Adams of some
religious tracts left at Simoda (Shimoda) by Mr.
Bittinger. -- Japanese had learned to manage the
locomotive, but not the telegraph. -- Moryama Yenoske
promoted. -- Message from the commissioners to Commodore
Perry. -- Ratifications exchanged.
509 -- 512